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  1. › wiki › Pipe_organPipe organ - Wikipedia

    The pipe organ is a musical instrument that produces sound by driving pressurized air (called wind) through the organ pipes selected from a keyboard. Because each pipe produces a single pitch, the pipes are provided in sets called ranks , each of which has a common timbre and volume throughout the keyboard compass .

    • 3rd century BC
    • Keyboard instrument (Aerophone)
    • Organ, Church organ (used only for Pipe organs in houses of worship)
  2. 23,500 pipes; The organ is the largest all-pipe organ, in a religious structure, in the world. The console has 874 switches for activating the stops, and the action is electro-pneumatic. The instrument is estimated to weigh over 124 tons, and is organized in 23 divisions. It is continually being enlarged. This organ is played for over 300 services each year. In the history of the Cadet Chapel there have only been four organists. There are public tours of the post and services are ...

  3. › wiki › Organ_pipeOrgan pipe - Wikipedia

    An organ pipe is a sound-producing element of the pipe organ that resonates at a specific pitch when pressurized air (commonly referred to as wind) is driven through it. Each pipe is tuned to a specific note of the musical scale. A set of organ pipes of similar timbre comprising the complete scale is known as a rank; one or more ranks constitutes a stop.

    • How An Organ Works
    • The Technical Details
    • The History of The Pipe Organ
    • The Organ in The Twentieth Century
    • The Organ as An Accompanying Instrument
    • Related Pages
    • References
    • Other Websites

    A description of the organ

    In a pipe organ, the musical notes are made by blowing air through pipes. Every organ must have pipes, something to blow the air and a way of controlling which pipes are played. The pipes are made of metal or wood. They are lined up in rows in the "organ case" which can be as big as a room. The metal pipes are round tubes. They can be made of different types of metal, but the most common type is an alloy (or mixture of metals) of tin and lead called "spotted metal" because it has round shiny...

    The manuals

    A very small organ may only have one manual (keyboard). Most organs have at least two. In English and American Organs the lower manual is the main one and is called the Great. The upper manual is called the Swell because it operates pipes which are inside a “swell box” which has shutters that can be opened or closed. This makes the music get louder or quieter (crescendo or diminuendo). The organist operates the swell box with a pedal which pivots (rocks to and fro). It is in the centre just a...

    Using the manuals

    Having two or three manuals makes it possible to have quick changes of sound during a piece. The player can also play on two manuals at once: one with the left hand and one with the right. This is particularly useful to make a tune louder than the accompaniment (on a piano this can be done by pressing harder). The manuals can also be coupled together, for example, pulling out the “Swell to Great” stop will make all the sounds from the Swell come out on the Great as well. On an organ with mech...

    The pedals

    The notes on the pedals are arranged like the notes on a keyboard, but are obviously much bigger. The player needs to learn to play by 'feel', otherwise he will have to spend all his time looking at his feet. He plays each note, either with the toe or the heel and either on the inside of the foot or the outside. The American and British Standard organ contains 30 notes giving a range of nearly 2 ​1⁄2 octaves (C to F, or sometimes C to G: 32 notes). They are not quite in a straight line but fa...

    No other instrument has developed in such a wide variety of ways as the organ. If Bach, who lived in the early 18th century, had gone from his home in Germany to France, he would have found it impossible to play his music properly on French organs. If Couperin, who lived at the same time, had gone from his home in France to Germany, he would not ha...

    During the 20th century organ builders became more and more interested in returning to some of the ideas of the Baroque and Classical periods. Many organs now have electric action,but a good mechanical action has the advantage that the player feels more close to the instrument that he is playing. Some large 20th century organs are able to play many...

    As well as the obvious use of the organ for accompanying church choirs and congregational singing the organ has often been used to accompany instruments. In the Baroque period small organs were used to accompany solo instruments or small groups of instruments or orchestras. This kind of accompaniment was called continuo. Occasionally composers have...

    “Organ” by Arthur Wills, London 1984 (ISBN 978-0-356-10512-3)
    Sadie, Stanley (1995). The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians. Grove's Dictionaries. ISBN 978-1-56159-174-9.
    Summer, William Leslie (1962). The Organ: Its Evolution, Principles of Construction and Use(4th ed.). St. Martin's Press.
  4. Organ Historical Society Pipe Organ Database for nearly complete list, current and historical. Pipe Organ Database; Abbott and Sieker; Æolian Company (see also Æolian-Skinner Organ Company) Æolian-Skinner Organ Company (1932–1972) Joseph Alley (1804–1880) Andover Organ Company; Alvinza Andrews (1800–1862)

  5. the row of organ pipes used to create a particular sound, more appropriately known as a rank; the sound itself; Organ stops are sorted into four major types: principal, string, reed, and flute. This is a sortable list of names that may be found associated with electronic and pipe organ stops. Countless stops have been designed over the centuries, and individual organs may have stops, or names of stops, used nowhere else. This non-comprehensive list deals mainly with names of stops ...

  6. Pipe organs, which use air moving through pipes to produce sounds. Since the 16th century, pipe organs have used various materials for pipes, which can vary widely in timbre and volume. Increasingly hybrid organs are appearing in which pipes are augmented with electric additions. Great economies of space and cost are possible especially when the lowest (and largest) of the pipes can be replaced;

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