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  1. Catholicism is the second largest religious body in the world, surpassed in size only by Sunni Islam. Church membership, defined as baptized Catholics, was 1.378 billion at the end of 2021, which is 17.67% of the world population.

    • 1.378 billion (2021)
    • 11.0%
    • 19.3%
    • 20.9%
    • Characteristics
    • Where The Word Catholic Came from
    • Groups Who Call Themselves "Catholic"
    • History
    • Religious Beliefs

    The word "Catholicism" refers to many things, including its religious beliefs (called theologies and "doctrines"), and its form of religious worship (called liturgies). The word also refers to Catholic religious beliefs about ethics(things that are right and wrong). It also refers to the ways that members of the Catholic religion live and practice ...

    The oldest document that uses the name "Catholic Church" is a letter written by a man named Ignatius. Ignatius lived in the ancient city of Antioch. In the year 107, Ignatius wrote a letter addressed to the Christian community in the ancient city of Smyrna. In this letter, Ignatius encouraged the Christian Community to be loyal to their leader, the...

    Many different denominations (groups) of Christians call themselves "catholic". Often these groups have special beliefs about their leaders, called bishops. They believe Jesus of Nazareth (whom Christians believe is the Son of God) appointed the first bishops, who appointed future bishops, who eventually appointed each community's current bishops. ...

    How it was started

    Catholicism was started as a result of Jesus of Nazareth, a Jewish man whom Christians believe is the Son of God, a Christian belief known as the Trinity (Father, Son, and Holy Spirit). Catholics believe Jesus to be a descendant of David, a Jewish king from a long time ago. Jesus was crucified by the Romans in the year 33 AD. Catholics believe Jesus rose from the dead, and spoke to his followers, called the twelve Apostles. They also believe that Jesus rose into Heaven, and then sent the Holy...

    Quarrels within the church

    In time, several groups split off from the Catholic Church because of differing opinions of theology. This caused breaks from the Church called schisms. Most schisms happened because people had different beliefs about what is true. In 451, a church division happened when all the church leaders meeting at the Church Council in the city of Chalcedon excommunicated (cut off) three leaders, because they held to monophysitism and would not accept the view that Jesus had two natures (fully divine a...

    The same aspects of Catholic and other Christians

    1. The Ten Commandments 2. The belief that God knows everything, that God has unlimited power, and that everything God does is good 3. The belief that Jesus Christdied for the sins of the world, rose again, and one day "will come again in glory to judge the living and the dead." 4. The importance of worshipping God. 5. The infallibility of the bible

    What is different from Eastern Orthodox Christians

    1. The supremacy of the Bishop of Rome(also known as the pope) 2. the Filioque clause(Nicene creed)

    What is different from mainstream Protestants

    1. Catholics believe in the real presence of Christ in the Eucharist (this is called Transubstantiation). 2. Catholics believe God forgives mortal sins through the sacrament of reconciliation (confession), which is performed through a priest, while most Protestants do not believe in the sacrament. 3. Catholics hold to the authority of Scripture and Tradition, which the teaching authority of the Church Magisterium (the bishops in communion with the Pope) comes from, while most Protestants beli...

  2. History of the Catholic Church. The tradition of the Catholic Church claims it began with Jesus Christ and his teachings; the Catholic tradition considers that the Church is a continuation of the early Christian community established by the Disciples of Jesus.

  3. The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with 1.4 billion baptized Catholics worldwide It is among the world's oldest and largest international institutions, and has played a prominent role in the history and development of Western civilization.

  4. › wiki › CatholicityCatholicity - Wikipedia

    Catholicism, according to McBrien's paradigm, includes a monastic life, religious institutes, a religious appreciation of the arts, a communal understanding of sin and redemption, and missionary activity.

  5. Holy See. The Catholic Church is the largest Christian church in the world. It has over one billion members, and is the world's largest religious group. [5] [6] Its members believe that Jesus Christ started the Catholic Church 2,000 years ago. The Church’s headquarters are in the Vatican City.