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  1. September war die erste Aufforderung aus Berlin gekommen, sich nun die Beute zu holen, wie es vereinbart war. In der Nacht zum 17. September, nach der Zerschlagung der organisierten polnischen Verteidigung durch die Wehrmacht, begann nach Aufforderung die sowjetische Besetzung Ostpolens in Übereinstimmung mit dem geheimen Zusatzprotokoll des deutsch-sowjetischen Nichtangriffspaktes .

  2. en.wikipedia.org › wiki › World_War_IIWorld War II - Wikipedia

    World War II [b] or the Second World War (1 September 1939 – 2 September 1945) was a global conflict between two alliances: the Allies and the Axis powers. Nearly all of the world's countries, including all of the great powers, participated in the conflict, and many invested all available economic, industrial, and scientific ...

    • Allied victory
    • Ultimate Causes
    • Proximate Causes
    • Interwar Period
    • 1939
    • Declarations of War
    • Cited Sources
    • Further Reading
    • External Links

    Legacies of World War I

    By the end of World War I in late 1918, the world's social and geopolitical circumstances had fundamentally and irrevocably changed. The Allies had been victorious, but many of Europe's economies and infrastructures had been devastated, including those of the victors. France, along with the other victors, was in a desperate situation regarding its economy, security and morale and understood that its position in 1918 was "artificial and transitory". Thus, French Prime Minister Georges Clemence...

    Failure of the League of Nations

    The League of Nations was an international peacekeeping organization founded in 1919 with the explicit goal of preventing future wars. The League's methods included disarmament, collective security, the settlement of disputes between countries by negotiations and diplomacy and the improvement of global welfare. The diplomatic philosophy behind the League represented a fundamental shift in thought from the preceding century. The old philosophy of "concert of nations", which grew out of the Con...

    Expansionism and militarism

    Expansionism is the doctrine of expanding the territorial base or economic influence of a country, usually by means of military aggression. Militarism is the principle or policy of maintaining a strong militarycapability to use aggressively to expand national interests and/or values, with the view that military efficiency is the supreme ideal of a state. The Treaty of Versailles and the League of Nations had sought to stifle expansionist and militarist policies by all actors, but the conditio...

    Nazi dictatorship

    Hitler and his Nazis took full control of Germany in 1933–34 (Machtergreifung), turning it into a dictatorship with a highly hostile outlook toward the Treaty of Versailles and Jews.It solved its unemployment crisis by heavy military spending. Hitler's diplomatic tactics were to make seemingly-reasonable demands and to threaten war if they were not met. After concessions were made, he accepted them and moved onto a new demand. When opponents tried to appease him, he accepted the gains that we...

    Remilitarization of the Rhineland

    In violation of the Treaty of Versailles and the spirit of the Locarno Pact and the Stresa Front, Germany remilitarized the Rhineland on March 7, 1936, by moving German troops into the part of western Germany in which according to the Versailles Treaty, they were not allowed. Neither France nor Britain was prepared fight a preventive warto stop the violation and so there were no consequences.

    Italian invasion of Abyssinia

    Following the Stresa Conference and even as a reaction to the Anglo-German Naval Agreement, the Italian dictator Benito Mussolini attempted to expand the Italian Empire in Africa by invading the Ethiopian Empire, also known as the Abyssinian Empire. The League of Nations declared Italy to be the aggressor and imposed sanctions on oil sales, which proved ineffective. Italy annexed Ethiopia in May 1936 and merged Ethiopia, Eritrea and Somaliland into a single colony, known as Italian East Afric...

    During the Polish–Soviet War of 1920, France, one of the most active supporters of Poland, sent the French Military Mission to Poland to aid the Polish army. In early February in Paris, three pacts were discussed by Polish Chief of State Józef Piłsudski and French President Alexandre Millerand: political, military and economic. The political allian...

    Finally, a new alliance started to be formed in 1939. The Kasprzycki–Gamelin Convention was signed May 19, 1939 in Paris. It was named after Polish Minister of War Affairs General Tadeusz Kasprzycki and Commander of the French Army Maurice Gamelin. The military convention was army-to-army, not state-to-state, and was not in force legally, as it was...

    Invasion of Poland

    Between 1919 and 1939, Poland had pursued a policy of balancing between the Soviet Union and Nazi Germany and agreed to non-aggression pacts with both. In early 1939, Germany demanded for Poland to join the Anti-Comintern Pact as a satellite state of Germany. Poland, fearing a loss of independence, refused. Hitler admitted to his generals on 23 May 1939 that his reason for invading Poland was not Danzig: "Danzig is not the issue at stake. It is a matter of extending our living space in the Ea...

    Invasion of the Soviet Union

    Germany attacked the Soviet Union in June 1941. Hitler believed that the Soviet Union could be defeated in a fast and relentless assault that capitalised on the Soviets' ill-prepared state and he hoped that his success there would bring Britain to the negotiating table, an event which would end the war altogether.

    Attacks on Pearl Harbor, the Philippines, British Malaya, Singapore and Hong Kong

    The US government and general public in general had been supportive of China, condemned European colonialist policies and Japan and promoted the so-called Open Door Policy. Many Americans viewed the Japanese as an aggressive and/or inferior race. The Nationalist government of Chiang Kai-shek held friendly relations with the US, which opposed Japan's invasion of China in 1937 and considered it a violation of international law and of the sovereignty of the Republic of China. The US offered the...

    Kallis, Aristotle (2000). Fascist Ideology. London: Routledge. ISBN 9780415216128.
    Paxton, Robert O. (2011). Europe in the Twentieth Century. United States: Wadsworth. ISBN 9781133171126.
    Bell, P. M. H. The Origins of the Second World War in Europe(Routledge, 2014).
    Dowswell, Paul. The Causes of World War II(Heinemann, 2002).
    Kagan Robert. The Ghost at the Feast: America and the Collapse of World Order, 1900-1941 (Knopf, 2023); excerpt
    Morewood, Steve. "The origins of World War Two in Europe." in Themes in Modern European History, 1890-1945(Routledge, 2008) pp. 291-330.
    Overy, Richard J. The Origins of the Second World War(Routledge, 2014) . a major scholarly study
    Weinberg, Gerhard L. A world at arms: A global history of World War II(Cambridge University Press, 2005).
  3. World War II (WWII), or the Second World War, was a global war involving all continents of the world, except the Polar continents. It involved fighting in most of the world from 1939 to 1945.

    • .mw-parser-output .plainlist ol,.mw-parser-output .plainlist ul{line-height:inherit;list-style:none;margin:0;padding:0}.mw-parser-output .plainlist ol li,.mw-parser-output .plainlist ul li{margin-bottom:0}September 1, 1939 – September 2, 1945, (6 years and 1 day)
  4. World War II, or the Second World War was a global military conflict that was fought between September 1, 1939, and September 2, 1945. The war pitted two major military alliances against each other: the Allies of the United States, Soviet Union , United Kingdom, China and others against the Axis of Germany , Japan , Italy and others .

  5. Almost every country in the world participated in World War II. Most were neutral at the beginning, but only a relative few nations remained neutral to the end. The Second World War pitted two alliances against each other, the Axis powers and the Allied powers.