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  1. Nordrhein-Westfalen ( [ ˌnɔrtraɪ̯nvɛstˈfaːlən ] , [A 1] Ländercode NW, geläufige Abkürzung NRW [8]) ist eine parlamentarische Republik und ein teilsouveräner Gliedstaat der Bundesrepublik Deutschland. [9] Mit rund 17,9 Millionen Einwohnern ist es das bevölkerungsreichste Land Deutschlands.

    • Russisch

      Се́верный Рейн-Вестфа́лия (нем. Nordrhein-Westfalen...

    • Stadt

      Die Liste der Gemeinden in Nordrhein-Westfalen enthält die...

    • Voraussichtlich im Mai 2022

      Die Wahl zum 18.Landtag des Landes Nordrhein-Westfalen fand...

    • Über Dieses Bild

      Es ist erlaubt, die Datei unter den Bedingungen der...

  2. Nordrhein-Westfalen liegt im Westen Deutschlands und ist mit rund 18 Millionen Einwohnern das bevölkerungsreichste Bundesland der Bundesrepublik Deutschland, flächenbezogen mit 34.080 km² das viertgrößte. Die Landeshauptstadt ist Düsseldorf, die größte Stadt ist Köln.

  3. Bestimmendes Merkmal der Geographie Nordrhein-Westfalens ist die Lage des Nordteils des Landes in der Norddeutschen Tiefebene und des Südteils in den Mittelgebirgen. Der Norden Nordrhein-Westfalens in der flachen Tiefebene ist waldarm, wird intensiv landwirtschaftlich genutzt und ist dicht besiedelt.

    • History
    • Flags and Coat of Arms
    • Geography
    • Demographics
    • Politics
    • Culture
    • Economy
    • Transport
    • Education
    • Sports

    Creation

    The state of North Rhine-Westphalia was established by the British military administration's "Operation Marriage" on 23 August 1946, by merging the province of Westphalia and the northern parts of the Rhine Province, both being political divisions of the former state of Prussia within the German Reich. On 21 January 1947, the former state of Lippe was merged with North Rhine-Westphalia. The constitution of North Rhine-Westphalia was then ratified through a referendum.

    Rhineland

    The first written account of the area was by its conqueror, Julius Caesar, the territories west of the Rhine were occupied by the Eburones and east of the Rhine he reported the Ubii (across from Cologne) and the Sugambri to their north. The Ubii and some other Germanic tribes such as the Cugerni were later settled on the west side of the Rhine in the Roman province of Germania Inferior. Julius Caesar conquered the tribes on the left bank, and Augustus established numerous fortified posts on t...

    Westphalia

    Around AD 1, numerous incursions occurred through Westphalia and perhaps even some permanent Roman or Romanized settlements. The Battle of Teutoburg Forest took place near Osnabrück and some of the Germanic tribes who fought at this battle came from the area of Westphalia. Charlemagne is thought to have spent considerable time in Paderborn and nearby parts. His Saxon Wars also partly took place in what is thought of as Westphalia today. Popular legends link his adversary Widukind to places ne...

    The flag of North Rhine-Westphalia is green-white-red with the combined coats of arms of the Rhineland (white line before green background, symbolizing the river Rhine), Westfalen (the white horse) and Lippe (the red rose). After the establishment of North Rhine-Westphalia in 1946, the tricolor was first introduced in 1948, but was not formally ado...

    North Rhine-Westphalia encompasses the plains of the Lower Rhine region and parts of the Central Uplands (die Mittelgebirge) up to the gorge of Porta Westfalica. The state covers an area of 34,083 km2 (13,160 sq mi) and shares borders with Belgium (Wallonia) in the southwest and the Netherlands (Limburg, Gelderland and Overijssel) in the west and n...

    North Rhine-Westphalia has a population of approximately 17.5 million inhabitants (more than the entire former East Germany, and slightly more than the Netherlands) and is centred around the polycentric Rhine-Ruhr metropolitan region, which includes the industrial Ruhr region with the largest city of Dortmund and the Rhenish cities of Bonn, Cologne...

    The politics of North Rhine-Westphalia takes place within a framework of a federal parliamentary representative democratic republic. The two main parties are, as on the federal level, the centre-right Christian Democratic Union and the centre-left Social Democratic Party. From 1966 to 2005, North Rhine-Westphalia was continuously governed by the So...

    Architecture and building monuments

    1. The state is known for the most castles and fortresses in Germany.[circular reference] 1. North Rhine-Westphalia has a high concentration of museums, cultural centres, concert halls and theatres.[improper synthesis?]

    Festivals

    North Rhine-Westphalia hosts film festivals in Cologne, Bonn, Dortmund, Duisburg, Münster, Oberhausen and Lünen. Other large festivals include Rhenish carnivals, Ruhrtriennale. Every year GamesCom is hosted in Cologne. It is the largest video game convention in Europe.

    Music

    1. The composer Ludwig van Beethoven was born in Bonnin 1770. 2. A regional anthem is the Lied für NRW(Song for NRW). 3. North Rhine-Westphalia is home to many of Germany's best-known heavy metal, speed metal and thrash metal bands: Accept, Angel Dust, Blind Guardian, Doro (formerly of Warlock), Grave Digger, Holy Moses, Kreator, Rage, Scanner and Sodom. Also, North Rhine-Westphalia is home to Kraftwerk, originally a Krautrock band for four years, then later a synth-pop band.

    North Rhine-Westphalia has always been Germany's powerhouse with the largest economy among the German states by GDP figures. In the 1950s and 1960s, Westphalia was known as Land von Kohle und Stahl (Land of Coal and Steel). In the post-World War II recovery, the Ruhr was one of the most important industrial regions in Europe, and contributed to the...

    With its central location in the most important European economic area, high population density, strong urbanization and numerous business locations, North Rhine-Westphalia has one of the densest transport networks in the world.

    RWTH Aachen is one of Germany's leading universities of technology and was chosen by DFG as one of the German Universities of Excellencein 2007 and again in 2012. North Rhine-Westphalia is home to 14 universities and over 50 partly postgraduate colleges, with a total of over 500,000 students. Largest and oldest university is the University of Colog...

    Football

    NRW is home to several football clubs of the Bundesliga including Arminia Bielefeld, Bayer 04 Leverkusen, Borussia Dortmund, Borussia Mönchengladbach, 1. FC Köln, and VfL Bochum and the 2. Bundesliga including Fortuna Düsseldorf, FC Schalke 04, and SC Paderborn 07. Since the formal establishment of the German Bundesliga in 1963, Borussia Dortmund and Borussia Mönchengladbach have been the most successful teams with both winning 5 titles. FC Köln won 2 titles, including the first in 1963. Befo...

    Basketball

    The state is also home to several professional basketball teams that currently either compete in the Basketball Bundesliga or have competed there in the recent past. These teams include Telekom Baskets Bonn, Bayer Giants Leverkusen, Paderborn Baskets and Phoenix Hagen.

    Ice hockey

    North Rhine-Westphalia is home to DEL teams Düsseldorfer EG, Kölner Haie, Krefeld Pinguine, and Iserlohn Roosters.

    • Historie
    • Byer Og Kommuner
    • Administrativ Opdeling

    Etablering af delstaten

    Delstaten Nordrhein-Westfalen blev etableret af den britiske militæradministration den 23. august 1946 som en del af »Operation Marriage«. Det skete ved en sammenlægning af Westfalen og Rhinprovinsen (Nordrhinen), der begge var politisk-administrative enheder i Preussen, der var en del af Det Tyske Rige. Den 21. januar 1947 blev Fristaten Lippe indlemmet i Nordrhein-Westfalen. Delstatsforfatningen for Nordrhein-Westfalen blev ratificeret gennem en folkeafstemningi 1950.

    Rhinland

    1. Uddybende artikel: Rheinland. Den første skriftlige beretning om området blev skrevet af Julius Cæsar, der i forbindelse med en erobring, beskrev, at området vest for Rhinen var beboet af den belgiske stamme eburonerne og øst for ubierne øst for Rhinen. Ubierne overtog sammen med andre germanske stammer senere området vest for Rhinen, da området blev en del af den romerske provins Germania Inferior.

    Vestfalen

    1. Uddybende artikel: Westfalen. Omkring år 1 e.Kr. var der gentagen romersk indtrængen i Vestfalen, og måske blev der endda etableret nogle permanente romerske bosættelser. Varusslaget fandt sted nær Osnabrück, og nogle af de germanske stammer, der kæmpede i dette slag, kom fra Vestfalen. Karl den Store menes at have brugt betydelig tid i og omkring Paderborn. Hans saksiske krige fandt også delvist sted i det, der i dag betragtes som Vestfalen. Populære legender forbinder en af Karl den Stor...

    I Nordrhein-Westfalen er der 396 byer og kommuner. Den største by er Köln mens Düsseldorfer hovedstad.

    Nordrhein-Westfalen ledes af 10 delstatsministerier. Derunder er delstaten opdelt i 5 Regierungsbezirke: 1. Arnsberg– Indbyggertal: 3.586.313 (31. December 2016) 2. Detmold– Indbyggertal: 2.054.205 (31. December 2016) 3. Düsseldorf– Indbyggertal: 5.190.790 (31. December 2016) 4. Köln– Indbyggertal: 4.439.416 (31. December 2016) 5. Münster– Indbygge...

    • 524 Indb. pr. km² (4.)
    • 524 Indb. pr. km² (4.)
  4. Nordrhein-Westfalen Nordrhein-Westfalen (lyhenteenä NRW) on Saksan osavaltio maan länsi- ja luoteisosassa. Nordrhein-Westfalen rajoittuu Belgiaan, Alankomaihin sekä Saksan osavaltioihin Ala-Saksi, Hessen ja Rheinland-Pfalz. Osavaltiossa asui 17 890 100 ihmistä vuoden 2016 lopussa [1].