Cleveland (/ ˈ k l iː v l ə n d / KLEEV-lənd), officially the City of Cleveland, is a city in the U.S. state of Ohio and the county seat of Cuyahoga County. Located in Northeast Ohio along the southern shore of Lake Erie, it is situated across the U.S. maritime border with Canada and lies approximately 60 miles (97 km) west of ...
Cleveland [ ˈkliːvlənd] (bis 1831 Cleaveland) ist eine Stadt im Nordosten des US-Bundesstaates Ohio. Sie liegt an der Mündung des Cuyahoga River in den Eriesee und ist 213,47 km² groß. Bei der Volkszählung 2020 hatte sie 372.624 Einwohner und war damit nach der Hauptstadt Columbus die zweitgrößte Stadt in Ohio.
- Vereinigte Staaten
- 18th and 19th Centuries
- 20th Century
- Late 20th and Early 21st Centuries
- Chronology of Cleveland Inventions and Firsts
- See Also
- Further Reading
- External Links
At the end of the Last Glacial Period, which ended about 15,000 years ago at the southern edge of Lake Erie, there was a tundra landscape. It took about two and a half millennia to turn this wet and cold landscape drier and warmer, so that caribou, moose, deer, wolves, bears and cougarswere prevalent. The oldest human, paleo-Indian traces reach bac...
Survey and establishment, 1796–1820
As one of thirty-six founders of the Connecticut Land Company, General Moses Cleaveland was selected as one of its seven directors and was subsequently sent out as the company's agent to map and survey the company's holdings. On July 22, 1796, Cleaveland and his surveyors arrived at the mouth of the Cuyahoga River. Cleaveland quickly saw the land, which had previously belonged to Native Americans, as an ideal location for the "capital city" of the Connecticut Western Reserve. Cleaveland and h...
Village to city, 1820–1860
Cleveland began to grow rapidly after the completion of the Ohio and Erie Canal in 1832, turning the village into a key link between the Ohio River and the Great Lakes, particularly once the city railroad links were added. The spelling of the city's name was changed in 1831 by The Cleveland Advertiser, an early local newspaper. In order for the name to fit on the newspaper's masthead, the first "a" was dropped, reducing the city's name to Cleveland. The new spelling stuck, and long outlasted...
Civil War, 1861–1865
Strongly influenced by its New England roots, Cleveland was home to a vocal group of abolitionists who viewed slavery as a moral evil. Code-named "Station Hope", the city was a major stop on the Underground Railroad for escaped African American slaves en route to Canada. However, not all Clevelanders opposed slavery outright and views on the slaveholding South varied based on political affiliation. Nevertheless, as Bertram Wyatt-Brown noted, the city's "record of sympathy and help for the bla...
The Progressive Era, 1900–1919
Early in the 20th century, Cleveland was a city on the rise and was known as the "Sixth City" due to its position as the sixth largest U.S. city at the time. Its businesses included automotive companies such as Peerless, People's, Jordan, Chandler, and Winton, maker of the first car driven across the U.S. Other manufacturers in Cleveland produced steam-powered cars, which included those by White and Gaeth, and electric cars produced by Baker. The city's population also continued to grow. Alon...
The Roaring Twenties, 1920–1929
The Roaring Twenties was a prosperous decade for Cleveland. By 1920, the year in which the Cleveland Indians won their first World Series championship, Cleveland had grown into a densely-populated metropolis of 796,841 with a foreign-born population of 30%, making it the fifth largest city in the nation. Despite the national immigration restrictions of the 1920s, the city's population continued to grow. In 1923 the speed nut was invented by Cleveland industrialist and inventor Albert Tinnerma...
The Great Depression, 1929–1939
On October 24, 1929, the stock market crashed, plunging the entire nation into the Great Depression. The crash hit Cleveland hard, with industrialist Cyrus Eaton once stating that the city was "hurt more by the Depression than any other city in the United States."By 1933, approximately fifty percent of Cleveland's industrial workers were left unemployed by the Depression. Anti-Prohibition sentiment continued to grow. Tired of gang wars in Cleveland and Chicago, Fred G. Clark founded an anti-g...
Comeback and stagnation, 1980–2005
By the beginning of the 1980s, several factors, including changes in international free trade policies, inflation, and the Savings and Loans Crisis, contributed to the recession that severely affected cities like Cleveland. While unemployment during the period peaked in 1983, Cleveland's rate of 13.8% was higher than the national average due to the closure of several steel production centers. It was in these conditions, in addition to Cleveland's default, that the city began a gradual economi...
Continued evolution, 2006–Present
At the beginning of Jackson's mayoralty, the city faced continued challenges, including efforts to retain the city's residency laws, the impact of the Great Recession on city neighborhoods, and a federal corruption investigation into Cuyahoga County officials. However, by the turn of the 21st century, Cleveland succeeded in developing a more diversified economy and gained a national reputation as a center for healthcare and the arts. Additionally, it has become a national leader in environmen...1863 – Free home delivery of mail - Joseph W. Briggs1879 – Electric lighting of public streets - Charles F. Brush1880 – Standardized formula paints - Sherwin-Williams Co.1890 – Indoor shopping center(The Arcade)* Van Tassel, David, and John Grabowski, eds. Encyclopedia of Cleveland History (1996), Massive with comprehensive coverage of all topics. onlineAlbrecht, Brian; Banks, James (2015). Cleveland in World War II. Charleston: The History Press. ISBN 978-1-62619-882-1.Cleveland Historical at Cleveland State UniversityCleveland Public Library Digital Gallery at the Cleveland Public LibraryThe Encyclopedia of Cleveland History at Case Western Reserve University
Cleveland is a city in northern Eastern Ohio, United States. It is home to over 400,000 people. It was named for General Moses Cleaveland in 1796, but according to legend a mistake in a local newspaper left out the first "a" in its name, which is why it is spelt like it is today. 
The Cleveland metropolitan area, or Greater Cleveland as it is more commonly known, is the metropolitan area surrounding the city of Cleveland in Northeast Ohio, United States.
Die Hauptstadt Ohios ist Columbus; weitere Großstädte sind Cleveland, Cincinnati, Toledo, Akron und Dayton. Der Bundesstaat hat eine Fläche von 116.096 km² (im Vergleich der Bundesstaaten an 34. Stelle) und rund 11,8 Millionen Einwohner. Im Jahr 1803 wurde Ohio als 17. Staat in die Vereinigten Staaten aufgenommen.
Of the fifty U.S. states, it is the 34th-largest by area. With a population of nearly 11.8 million, Ohio is the seventh-most populous and tenth-most densely populated state. Its capital and largest city is Columbus, with the Columbus metro area, Greater Cincinnati, and Greater Cleveland being the largest metropolitan areas.
Ohio City is one of the oldest neighborhoods in Cleveland, Ohio. It is located immediately west of the Cuyahoga River.
Cleveland Heights is a city in Cuyahoga County, Ohio, United States, and one of Cleveland 's historical streetcar suburbs. The city's population was 45,312 at the 2020 census. As of the 2010 census, Cleveland Heights was ranked the 8th largest city by population in the Greater Cleveland area and ranked 20th in Ohio.
Cleveland is de op een na grootste stad van de noordoostelijke Amerikaanse staat Ohio, na de centraal gelegen hoofdstad Columbus. De stad heeft 390.928 inwoners ( 2012) en een agglomeratie met meer dan twee miljoen mensen, de grootste van Ohio.
Die Entführungen von Cleveland, Ohio, endeten am 6. Mai 2013. Die entführten Frauen Amanda Berry, Georgina DeJesus und Michelle Knight waren damals seit neun bzw. elf Jahren vermisst. Alle Straftaten wurden in Cleveland, Ohio, USA, von Ariel Castro begangen, der seine Opfer in seinem eigenen Haus gefangen hielt, misshandelte und vergewaltigte.