The Free Democratic Party was established on 11–12 December 1948 in Heppenheim, in Hesse, as an association of all 13 liberal state parties in the three Western zones of occupation. The proposed name, Liberal Democratic Party, was rejected by the delegates, who voted 64 to 25 in favour of the name Free Democratic Party (FDP).
- 12 December 1948; 74 years ago
- Hans-Dietrich-Genscher-Haus, Reinhardtstraße 14, 10117 Berlin
- Weimar Republic
- Development After The Nazi Seizure of Power
- DDP Politicians After World War II
- Noted Members of The DDP and DSTP
- See Also
- Further Reading
Emergence of the DDP
On 16 November 1918, one week after the November Revolution that brought down the monarchy after Germany’s defeat in World War I, an appeal for the founding of a new democratic party, written by the editor-in-chief of the Berliner Tageblatt Theodor Wolff and signed by 60 well-known people, appeared in the morning edition of the paper under the headline ‘The Great Democratic Party’. An almost identical statement was published at the same time by the Vossische Zeitung (Voss’s Newspaper). Four d...
Decline during the 1920s
In 1920 the DDP had already lost votes, in large measure to the German People's Party, German National People’s Party, and to parties focused on single issues. This was due to disagreements within the DDP over how to deal with the Versailles Peace Treaty, of which some deputies approved. The loss of votes was accompanied by a simultaneous loss of members, finances and journalistic support. Important newspapers such as the Vossische Zeitung and the Frankfurter Zeitung held views that were clos...
Renaming to the German State Party
In July 1930 the DDP united with the People’s National Reich Association (VNR) to form the German State Party, initially for the upcoming Reichstag elections. This brought fierce conflicts within the party, as the VNR was the political arm of Artur Mahraun's conservative and anti-Semitic Young German Order. After the merger many members of the left wing, including Ludwig Quiddeand Hellmut von Gerlach, left the party and in 1930 founded the Radical Democratic Party, which was largely unsuccess...
Self-dissolution in 1933
Since the mandates of the DStP’s Reichstag deputies had been won by means of nominations from the Social Democratic Party, they expired in July 1933 based on a provision of the Gleichschaltung Law of 31 March 1933. The self-dissolution of the DStP, forced by the National Socialists, took place on 28 June 1933. The law against the formation of new parties enacted on 14 July codified the existence of a single party in the Nazi state, the NSDAP, and any activity on behalf of other parties was ma...
Resistance to National Socialism
Individual members of the DStP participated in the resistance to National Socialism. The only left-liberal resistance group, the Robinsohn-Strassmann group, consisted mainly of former DDP/DStP members. A middle-class resistance circle with about sixty members was the Sperr Circle in Bavaria. It consisted of the diplomat Franz Sperras well as the former Weimar Reich ministers and DDP members Otto Geßler and Eduard Hamm. Many former members of the DDP and Radical Democratic Party also found the...
After World War II former members of the DDP were instrumental in founding both the West German Free Democratic Party (FDP) – for example Theodor Heuss, Thomas Dehler and Reinhold Maier – and the East German Liberal Democratic Party (LDPD) – including Wilhelm Külz, Eugen Schiffer and Waldemar Koch – while others such as Ernst Lemmer, Ferdinand Frie...Feminist and DDP co-founder Helene LangeFuneral celebration for Walther Rathenau, the murdered DDP minister of foreign affairs, 1922Psychologist Willy Hellpach, DDP candidate for Reich Presidency in 1925DDP Ministers Wilhelm Külz (left, Interior) and Otto Gessler(Defense), 1926
Frye, Bruce B. (1963). "The German Democratic Party 1918–1930". Political Research Quarterly. 16 (1): 167–179. doi:10.1177/106591296301600112. S2CID 154947747.
The Free Democratic Party or Freie Demokratische Partei, short FDP (from 1968 to 2001 F.D.P.) is a political party in Germany. The party advocates for a more free market economy. Although they agree to some aspects of the German welfare state, they want to see a reduction in government spending and a movement to privatization . History
- Thomas-Dehler-Haus, Reinhardtstraße 14, 10117 Berlin
- 11 December 1948
- Christian Lindner
The Democratic Party of Germany (German: Demokratische Partei Deutschlands, DPD) was founded in 1947 as a German liberal party and is the forerunner of the Free Democratic Party (FDP) in the current Federal Republic of Germany.
- January 1948
- March 17, 1947
Germany also has a number of other parties, in recent history most importantly the Free Democratic Party (FDP), Alliance 90/The Greens, The Left, and more recently the Alternative for Germany (AfD), founded in 2013.PartyAbbr.LeaderIdeologySocial Democratic Party of Germany ...SPDLars Klingbeil, Saskia EskenSocial democracy Pro-EuropeanismChristian Democratic Union of Germany ...CDUChristian democracy Liberal conservatism ...Christian Social Union in Bavaria ...CSUChristian democracy Conservatism Bavarian ...Alliance 90/The Greens Bündnis 90/Die ...GRÜNERicarda Lang, Omid NouripourGreen politics Social liberalism ...
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14. Mai 2023 · Free Democratic Party (FDP), German Freie Demokratische Partei, centrist German political party that advocates individualism, capitalism, and social reform.
Tools. Free Democratic Party is the name of several political parties around the world. It usually designates a party ideologically based on liberalism . Current parties with that name include: Free Democratic Party (Germany), a liberal political party in Germany. Free Democratic Party (Liberia)
After Olaf Scholz was elected chancellor in 2021 the SPD became the leading party of the federal government, which the SPD formed with the Greens and the Free Democratic Party, after the 2021 federal election.
The National Democratic Party of Germany (German: Nationaldemokratische Partei Deutschlands or NPD) is a far-right Neo-Nazi and ultranationalist political party in Germany. The party was founded in 1964 as successor to the German Reich Party (German: Deutsche Reichspartei , DRP).
7. Jan. 2022 · Germany's Free Democratic Party has joined a new coalition government after the 2021 general election. The pro-free market party advocates lower taxes, more civil liberties, and cutting back the ...