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  1. Maria Letizia Bonaparte wurde am 20. November 1866 in Paris als Tochter von Prinz Jérôme Napoléon und Maria Klothilde von Savoyen geboren. Ihr Vater war der Sohn von Jérôme Bonaparte, dem Bruder Kaiser Napoleon I. Kaiser Napoleon III. war ihr Onkel 2. Grades. Ihre Mutter war die Tochter des italienischen Königs Viktor Emanuel II.

  2. Maria-Letizia Buonaparte (née Ramolino; 24 August 1750 (or 1749) – 2 February 1836), known as Letizia Bonaparte, was a Corsican noblewoman and mother of Napoleon I of France. She became known as “ Madame Mère ” after the proclamation of the Empire. She spent her later years in Rome where she died in February 1836.

    • Giovanni Geronimo Ramolino
    • Bonaparte
    • Angela Maria Pietrasanta
    • Carlo Buonaparte, ​ ​(m. 1764; died 1785)​
    • Leben
    • Nachkommen
    • Literatur
    • Einzelnachweise


    Maria Letizia war die Tochter des genuesisch-korsischen Hauptmanns Giovanni Geronimo Ramolino (1723–1755) und der Angela Maria Pietrasanta (1725–1790). Die Ramolino waren eine seit 250 Jahren auf Korsika ansässige Patrizierfamilie, die aus der Toskana auf die Insel eingewandert waren, als diese eine genuesische Kolonie wurde, ähnlich wie die aus Ligurien stammende Patrizierfamilie Bonaparte. Der erste korsische Ramolino hatte die Tochter eines Patriziers und Dogen der Republik Genua geheirate...


    Letizia wohnte zuerst bei ihrem Sohn Lucien, der als Präsident des Rates der Fünfhundert amtierte und als solcher am 9. November 1799 seinen Bruder Napoleon beim Staatsstreich des 18. Brumaire VIII unterstützte. 1800 bezog sie mit ihrem Bruder das Hôtel de Montfermeil (das 1863 abgerissen wurde). Fesch wurde auf Veranlassung Napoleons 1802 zum Erzbischof von Lyonernannt und 1803 zum Kardinal. 1802 setzte Lucien ihr eine Rente von 24.000 Franken aus. In Paris trat sie mit angeborener Würde auf...


    Nachdem Napoleon nach Elba verbannt worden war, zog sie von Rom, wohin sie sich mit ihrem Bruder Joseph geflüchtet hatte, sofort zu ihm, um ihm beizustehen. Während der Herrschaft der Hundert Tage kehrte sie nach Paris zurück. Schmerzvoll nahm sie Abschied für immer, als Napoleon nach St. Helena eingeschifft wurde. Sie kehrte nach Rom zurück, wo Pius VII. sie freundlich aufnahm. 1818 appellierte sie in einzelnen Briefen an die Monarchen des Aachener Kongresses, ihren Sohn freizulassen, erhiel...

    Von ihren insgesamt 13 Kindern überlebten nur acht. Die ersten beiden starben früh nach der Geburt. Ihr zweitältester Sohn Napoleon Bonapartewar der erste Kaiser der Franzosen, ihre anderen Kinder wurden von ihm zu europäischen Herrschern erhoben. 1. Joseph Bonaparte(1768–1844), geboren als Giuseppe 2. Napoléon Bonaparte(1769–1821), geboren als Nab...

    Hugh Noel Williams: The women Bonapartes: the mother and three sisters of Napoléon I. 2 Bände. Charles Scribner’s sons, New York 1909 (,
    Denis Bingham: The marriages of the Bonapartes. 2 Bände. Longmans, Green, London 1881 (,
    ↑ Alain Decaux: Letizia, mère de l’Empereur.Ed. Amiot Dumont, 1951.
    ↑ a b Die
    ↑ Mutter und
    ↑ Freiwillige Verbannung und
    • Childhood
    • Marriage
    • on The Front Line
    • Household
    • Affair with Comte de Marbeuf
    • Fluctuating Wealth / Flight to France
    • Rise of Napoleon
    • Mother of The Emperor of France
    • Snubbing Napoleon
    • Madame Mère

    Born in the middle of the eighteenth century, August 1750, Marie-Letizia was a member of the Ramolinos, a low ranking noble family of Italian descent whose elders had lived around Corsica - and in Letizia's case, Ajaccio - for several centuries. Letizia's father died when she was five and her mother Angela remarried a few years later to François Fe...

    The next phase of Letizia's life began on June 2nd 1764 when she married Carlo Buonaparte, the son of a local family with similar social rank and Italian descent; Carlo was eighteen, Letizia fourteen. Although some myths claim otherwise, the couple certainly didn't elope on a lovesick whim and, although some of the Ramolinos objected, neither famil...

    One source of family income was Carlo's work for Pasquale Paoli, a Corsican patriot and revolutionary leader. When French armies landed in Corsica during 1768 Paoli's forces fought an, initially successful, war against them and, in early 1769, Letizia accompanied Carlo to the front line - at her own behest - despite her fourth pregnancy. However, t...

    Letizia remained in Ajaccio for the next decade, bearing six more children who survived into adulthood - Lucien in 1775, Elisa in 1777, Louis in 1778, Pauline in 1780, Caroline in 1782 and finally Jerome in 1784. Much of Letizia's time was spent caring for those children who remained at home - Joseph and Napoleon departed for schooling in France du...

    During the late 1770's Letizia began an affair with the Comte de Marbeuf, Corsica's French military governor and a friend of Carlos. Although there is no direct evidence, and despite the attempts of some historians to argue otherwise, the circumstances make it quite clear that Letizia and Marbeuf were lovers at some point during the period 1776 to ...

    Carlo died on February 24th 1785. For the next few years Letizia managed to keep her family together, despite numerous sons and daughters scattered across France in education and training, by running a thrifty household and persuading notoriously ungenerous relatives to part with money. This was the start of a series of financial troughs and peaks ...

    Having plunged his family into poverty, Napoleon soon saved them from it: heroic success in Paris brought him promotion to the Army of the Interior and considerable wealth, 60,000 francs of which went to Letizia, enabling her to move into one of Marseilles' best homes. From then until 1814 Letizia received ever greater riches from her son, especial...

    Now a woman of great wealth and considerable esteem, Letizia still attempted to control her children, remaining able to praise and chastise them even as they became kings, princes and emperors. Indeed, Letizia was keen that each should benefit equally from the Bonaparte's success, and each time he bestowed an award on one sibling Letizia urged him ...

    However, Napoleon's fame and wealth was no guarantee of his mother's favour. Immediately after his imperial accession Napoleon granted titles to his family, including that of 'Prince of the Empire' for Joseph and Louis. However, Letizia was so chagrined at hers - 'Madame Mère de Sa Majesté l'Empereur' (or 'Madame Mère', 'Madam Mother') - that she b...

    This episode reveals another side of Letizia: she was certainly careful with her own money, but willing to spend that of her children and patrons. Unimpressed with the first property - a wing of the Grand Trianon - she had Napoleon move her into a large seventeenth century chateau, despite complaining at the opulence of it all. Letizia was exhibiti...

    • History Expert
    • Family and Early Life
    • Marriage
    • Later Life

    Maria Letizia's father Napoléon Joseph was a nephew of Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte through his brother Jérôme Bonaparte, King of Westphalia. This then made Maria Letizia a great-niece of Emperor Napoleon. Her mother Maria Clotilde was a daughter of Victor Emmanuel II of Italy. Through this connection, Maria Letizia was a niece of King Umberto I of I...


    It was in Moncalieri that she met Emanuele's father, Amadeus, Duke of Aosta(sometimes referred to as Amadeo). He was her maternal uncle and was formerly the elected king of Spain for the brief period of three years (1870–1873). Maria Letizia was considered very charming, and Amadeus was very dependent on her society when he visited Italy. In 1888, she agreed to marry him. One source attributes the marriage to the fact that Amadeus felt great love for his niece, but it states that Maria Letizi...

    Cause for scandal

    The announcement of their marriage caused a great scandal in the Italian court, as he was not only 23 years older but also her mother's brother. Nevertheless, later that year, the necessary papal dispensation was obtained, which gave them permission to marry. Despite the Pope's permissio , the consanguinity of their marriage, along with those of other royal houses, led Pope Leo XIIIto declare in 1902 that no more dispensations would be granted for such marriages.


    They wedded on 11 September 1888 at the Royal Palace of Turin in Turin, Italy. The ceremony was performed by the Archbishop of Turin, Cardinal Gaetano Alimonda, who had gone to Rome to obtain their dispensation. Their wedding was attended by many members of the Houses of Bonaparte and Savoy, including Queen Maria Pia of Portugal, who was Amadeus's sister and Maria Letizia's maternal aunt. Maria Letizia was Amadeus' second wife, as his first wife, Maria Vittoria del Pozzo della Cisterna, had d...

    Relationship with Italian court

    Until 1902, Umberto and his mother were rarely seen at the Italian court. No images of Umberto were ever distributed, unlike other members of the Italian royal family. His absence sparked many rumors, some implying that he was "mentally afflicted" or "misshapen".In later years, he would appear more in the press and disprove all of those theories. Amadeus's first wife had been a wealthy woman. Upon her death, she left her vast fortune to him and their three sons. That meant that any wealth tha...

    Death and inheritance

    During her widowhood, Maria Letizia maintained an open and scandalous relationship with a military man twenty years her junior, who later wed the opera singer Vina Bovy. Upon Maria Letizia's death, on 25 October 1926, he was named in her will as her sole heir.

  3. Letizia Bonaparte, née Maria-Letizia Ramolino le 24 août 1750 à Ajaccio et morte le 2 février 1836 à Rome, est la mère de Napoléon I er, connue sous son titre de « Madame Mère » Note 1 . Biographie [ modifier | modifier le code] Origines [ modifier | modifier le code]

  4. Geboren wurde Laetitia oder Letizia Ramolino am 24. August 1750 im korsischen Ajaccio. Herkunft Die Mittelmeerinsel Korsika gehörte seinerzeit zum italienischen Genua. Auch Laetitias Familie kam aus Italien, genauer gesagt aus der Lombardei, und war bereits seit 250 Jahren auf der Insel ansässig.