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  1. Vor einem Tag · In 1974, Robert Nozick famously introduced the idea of the “utility monster", a being that is so efficient at converting resources into utility, that the best way to maximize utility in the world is to give all resources to this one monster at the cost of all of humanity. Nozick goes on to say that the mere possibility of the utility monster refutes Utilitarian theories, which imply that one ...

  2. Vor 18 Stunden · Robert Nozick is a key figure in philosophical libertarianism, drawing from contract theorists like Hobbes and Locke (Lippert-Rasmussen et al., 2020, p. 51). Nozick raised various critiques of Rawls, especially the difference principle and Rawls' ideas on redistribution, arguing that they violate individuals' freedom rights (Lippert-Rasmussen et al., 2020, p. 54). Nozick's assumption about ...

  3. Vor 5 Tagen · The most recent example was the Harvard philosopher, Robert Nozick, who has been the most prominent figure in free-market libertarianism. Nozick explicitly argued that people should be allowed to voluntarily sell or transfer their self-government rights to a “dominant protective association” [Nozick 1974, 15] which would then ...

  4. Vor einem Tag · Analytic philosophy in the narrower sense of 20th and 21st century anglophone philosophy is usually thought to begin with Cambridge philosophers Bertrand Russell and G. E. Moore's rejection of Hegelianism for being obscure; or the "revolt against idealism"—see for example Moore's " A Defence of Common Sense ".

  5. Vor 2 Tagen · Robert Nozick's entitlement theory argues that wealth generated through free exchange and innovation should not be redistributed coercively, as this violates principles of justice in acquisition and transfer. Empirical research supports this, showing that robots, while displacing some workers, contribute to productivity growth and economic expansion, creating new opportunities.

  6. Vor 3 Tagen · Nozick (2000) Robert Nozick. 2000. . knowledge and scepticism. In Sven Bernecker and Fred I. Dretske, editors, Knowledge: Readings in Contemporary Epistemology. Oxford University Press. Reimers and Gurevych (2019) Nils Reimers and Iryna Gurevych. 2019. Sentence-bert: Sentence embeddings using siamese bert-networks.

  7. › wiki › SpeciesismSpeciesism - Wikipedia

    Vor 4 Tagen · The term speciesism, and the argument that it is a prejudice, first appeared in 1970 in a privately printed pamphlet written by British psychologist Richard D. Ryder. Ryder was a member of a group of academics in Oxford, England, the nascent animal rights community, now known as the Oxford Group.