In English, the state was usually simply called "Germany", with "Weimar Republic" (a term introduced by Adolf Hitler in 1929) not commonly used until the 1930s. Following the devastation of the First World War (1914–1918), Germany was exhausted and sued for peace in desperate circumstances.
Als Weimarer Republik (zeitgenössisch auch Deutsche Republik) wird der Abschnitt der deutschen Geschichte von 1918 bis 1933 bezeichnet, in dem erstmals eine parlamentarische Demokratie in Deutschland bestand. Diese Epoche löste die konstitutionelle Monarchie der Kaiserzeit ab und begann mit der Ausrufung der Republik am 9. November 1918.
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After the German Empire was defeated in World War I, Germany became a republic, but it was still called "Deutsches Reich" (German Empire). Today it is called the Weimar Republic and this period is called the Weimar period, because the constitution was made in the city of Weimar.
What we now call The Weimar Republic came to an end on 23 March 1933, when Chancellor Adolf Hitler installed the Enabling Act, which established the Third Reich.
- Weimar Republic states
- States under Nazi Germany
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The States of the Weimar Republic were the first-level administrative divisions and constituent states of the German Reich during the Weimar Republic era. The states were established in 1918 following the German Revolution upon the conclusion of World War I, and based on the 22 constituent states of the German Empire that abolished their local mona...
Germany suffered significant territorial losses from the Treaty of Versailles following World War I, and some states had their borders altered by international border changes. In 1920, the state of Thuringia was formed from the former Ernestine duchies that continued briefly as republics before merging, except for Saxe-Coburg, which became part of ...
The states of the Weimar Republic were effectively abolished after the establishment of Nazi Germany in 1933 by a series of Reichsstatthalter decrees between 1933 and 1935, and autonomy was replaced by direct rule of the National Socialist German Workers' Party in the Gleichschaltung process. The states continued to formally exist as de jure rudime...
After World War I, the Saar Basin was occupied and governed jointly by the United Kingdom and France from 1920 to 1935 under a League of Nations mandate. After a plebiscite was held in January 1935, the region was returned to Germany. In accordance with the Treaty of Versailles, the city of Danzig was detached from Germany on 15 November 1920 and t...
Weimar Republic [ edit] 11 August 1919 The Weimar Constitution is announced. 11 September 1919 Adolf Hitler sent as Vertrauensmann to infiltrate the German Workers' Party. 1920 [ edit] January 1920 The DAP grew to 190 members. 4 February 1920 Allies demand 900 Germans be handed over for war crimes.