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  1. Herbert Marcuse (1955) Herbert Marcuse [ marˈkuːzə] (* 19. Juli 1898 in Berlin; † 29. Juli 1979 in Starnberg) war ein deutsch-amerikanischer Philosoph, Politologe und Soziologe . Während der deutschen Novemberrevolution 1918/19 betätigte er sich früh politisch als Mitglied eines Berliner Arbeiter- und Soldatenrates.

    • 19. Juli 1898
    • Marcuse, Herbert
    • Berlin
  2. Herbert Marcuse ( / mɑːrˈkuːzə / German: [maʁˈkuːzə]; July 19, 1898 – July 29, 1979) was a German-American philosopher social critic, and political theorist, associated with the Frankfurt School of critical theory. Born in Berlin, Marcuse studied at the Humboldt University of Berlin and then at Freiburg, where he received his PhD. [4]

  3. Herbert Marcuse verlässt Deutschland und übernimmt die Leitung der Zweigstelle des Instituts in Genf. Anschließend geht er nach Paris. 1934 Marcuse emigriert nach New York, wo er weiter am Institut für Sozialforschung, das neue Räume an der Columbia-University erhält, arbeitet. 1940 Marcuse erhält die amerikanische Staatsbürgerschaft. 1941

    • Biography
    • The Aesthetic Dimension
    • The Search For A Philosophical Foundation For Marxism and The Radical Subject
    • Psychoanalysis and Utopian Vision
    • One-Dimensional Thinking and The Democratic Rejection of Democracy
    • The Dialectic of Technology
    • The Specter of Liberation: The Great Refusal and The New Sensibility
    • Marcuse and Feminism

    Herbert Marcuse was born on July 19, 1898 in Berlin. His mother wasborn Gertrud Kreslawsky and his father was a well-off businessman,Carl Marcuse. According to Marcuse, his childhood was that of atypical German upper-middle class youth whose Jewish family was wellintegrated into German society (Kellner 1984: 13). Marcuse’sformal education began at ...

    The bookends of Marcuse’s literary, philosophical, and politicallife are works on aesthetics. In 1922 he completed a doctoraldissertation entitled Der deutsche Künstlerroman(The German Artist-Novel). In 1978, one year before his deathhe published The Aesthetic Dimension: Toward A Critique of MarxistAesthetics. Between these two works are several sm...

    3.1 Phenomenological Marxism

    Inspired by his reading of Heidegger’s Being andTime, and having already been influenced by Marxism during hismilitary days, Marcuse went to Freiberg to study with Heidegger in1928. Between 1928 and 1932 he attempted to develop what has beencalled Heideggerian or phenomenological Marxism. This project wasMarcuse’s response to what has been called the “crisis ofMarxism.” By the early twentieth century it appeared to be the case thatthe proletarian revolution predicted by Marx was not going toh...

    3.2 Philosophical Anthropology and Radical Subjectivity

    In 1932 Marcuse published one of the first reviews of the newlypublished 1844 Manuscripts entitled “Neue Quellen zurGrundlegung des historischen Materialismus” (New Sources on theFoundation of Historical Materialism). According to Marcuse, the1844 Manuscriptshad the possibility to accomplish two things. However, these manuscripts also provided Marcuse with the necessarytheoretical tools needed for developing a critical, philosophicalanthropology that would aid him in the development of his ow...

    3.3 Negative (Dialectical) Thinking and Social Change

    In 1941 Marcuse’s studies of Marx and Hegel culminated in a bookentitled Reason and Revolution: Hegel and the Rise of SocialTheory (1941 [1983]). This book accomplished severalthings. First, it disclosed the role of Hegel’s most critical,revolutionary, and emancipatory concepts in the development ofMarx’s critical philosophy. Secondly, it rescued Hegel from thecharge that his social and political philosophy was conservative andlegitimated the oppressive Prussian state. The third greataccompli...

    4.1 The Historical and Social Nature of Human Drives

    Psychoanalysis was an essential theoretical tool for the FrankfurtSchool from the beginning. When Max Horkheimer took over as directorin 1931, he had already been influenced by psychoanalysis (Abromeit2011: 192–195). Soon after becoming director he broughtPsychoanalyst Erich Fromm on board. The initial goal was to usepsychoanalytic theory to understand the psyche of the workingclass. That is, the goal was to understand why those who would benefitmost from a revolution of social change seemed...

    4.2 Repression

    Marcuse introduces two new terms to distinguish between the biologicalvicissitudes of the instincts and the social. Basicrepression refers to the type of repression or modification ofthe instincts that is necessary “for the perpetuation of thehuman race in civilization” (Marcuse 1955: 35). At this level,repression does not lend itself to domination oroppression. Surplus repression, on the other hand, refers to“the restrictions necessitated by social domination”(Marcuse 1955: 35). The purpose...

    4.3 Eros and Logos

    Chapter Five of Eros and Civilization entitled“Philosophical Interlude” occurs as a bit of a rupture inthe text. After discussing the Freudian theory of the instinctsfor four chapters, Marcuse takes a break from Freud and engagesphilosophy instead. However, this break is consistent with thepurpose of the book. One of Marcuse’s main concerns in allof his work is the rationalization of domination. This was amajor theme in One-Dimensional Man. This chapter alsogives us a clue as to why Freud is...

    The first chapter of One-Dimensional Manbegins with thefollowing sentence: One-Dimensional Man is a further analysis of the worry at thecenter of Reason and Revolution, the whittling down ofcritical or negative thinking. As we saw earlier, negative thinking istwo-dimensional as it sees the contradictions by which society isconstituted, and it is aw...

    In their famous book Dialectic of EnlightenmentMarcuse’s colleagues Max Horkheimer and Theodor Adorno attemptedto demonstrate that the Enlightenment embodied a tension between its ownproject of liberation and its own new mechanisms of oppression anddomination. For Marcuse, modern technology (a product of theEnlightenment) embodies a similar tension...

    Although the form of critique in some of Marcuse’s works and theuse of concepts such as one-dimensionality may cause one to read a bitof pessimism into Marcuse’s texts, nothing could be moreproblematic than such a reading. The social reality in advancedindustrial societies is that very sophisticated systems of dominationare in place and they are ca...

    Marcuse’s search for a form of radical subjectivity that couldserve as an impetus for revolution or social transformation led himdown a path not traveled by his Frankfurt School colleagues. Indeed, one of the criticisms of Marcuse is that he gave in topessimism and gave up on the working class as revolutionarysubject. For Marcuse, we must look to “...

  4. 19.07.1998 · Herbert Marcuse, (born July 19, 1898, Berlin, Germany—died July 29, 1979, Starnberg, West Germany [now Germany]), German-born American political philosopher and prominent member of the Frankfurt School of critical social analysis, whose Marxist and Freudian theories of 20th-century Western society were influential in the leftist student movements of the 1960s, especially after the 1968 student rebellions in Paris and West Berlin and at New York City’s Columbia University.

    • Richard Wolin
  5. 18.09.2019 · Herbert Marcuse was born in Berlin on July 19, 1898. After completing his Ph.D. thesis at the University of Freiburg in 1922, he moved to Berlin, where he worked in the book trade. He returned to Freiburg in 1929 to write a habilitation (professor's dissertation) with Martin Heidegger. In 1933, since he would not be allowed to complete that project under the Nazis, Herbert began work at the Frankfurt Institute for Social Research, a Marxist-oriented think-tank (as we might say today).

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